By Bill Sherk
500 Years of latest phrases takes you on an exhilarating trip during the English language from the times earlier than Shakespeare to the 1st decade of the twenty first century. all of the major entries are prepared now not alphabetically via in chronological order in response to the earliest identified 12 months that every observe was once revealed or written down. starting with "America" in 1507 and spanning the centuries to "Marsiphobiphiliac" in 2004 (a one that would like to visit Mars yet is fearful of being marooned there), this e-book will be opened at any web page and the reader will find a awesome array of linguistic delights. In different phrases, this e-book is unputdownable (the major access for 1947). If Shakespeare have been alive at the present time, he could purchase this ebook.
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Extra info for 500 Years of New Words: The Fascinating Story of How, When, and Why Hundreds of Your Favourite Words First Entered the English Language
Incidentally, the word piss was used by Chaucer in his Canterbury Tales (first published in 1388). ” 1563 ARCHITECT Look at any topographical map of the world and you will see two geographical features directly related to the etymology of the word architect. ” Elsewhere on that world map you’ll see mountain ranges: the Alps, Rockies, Andes and Himalayas. Those mountains were built by tectonic forces (from the Greek tekton, meaning a worker or builder) deep within the Earth’s crust that shift, grind, buckle and push new crust upward to form new mountains.
Although crocodiles are found in the southeastern United States and in parts of South America, Africa and Asia, the alligator is found only in the southeastern United States and along the Yangtze River in China. Why the alligator would thrive only in two so widely separated places is a mystery that has never been solved. ) look at the snout. Crocodiles have a narrower snout and an enlarged fourth tooth which is exposed when the mouth is closed. The word crocodile comes from the Greek krokodilos, “worm of the pebbles,” because of its habit of basking in the sun.
1540 HEREDITY When this word from the Latin, heres, “an heir,” first appeared in print, it was a legal term that referred to property that was handed down to one’s heirs. ” It was not until 1863 that the word heredity acquired the meaning it has today: the genetic transmission of physical and behavioral characteristics from parents to offspring. And why did that new definition pop up in 1863? Four years earlier, Charles Darwin had published his best-seller, On the Origin of Species, in which he set forth the theory that forms of life on earth were not divinely created, as the Book of Genesis claimed, but evolved out of other forms of life through a process of natural selection dictated by the characteristics passed along from one generation to another.