By Matthew Feldman (eds.)
Ten essays at the nature of fascism through a number one pupil within the box, concentrating on the right way to comprehend and practice fascist ideology to numerous hobbies because the 20th century, Mussolini's prophesied 'fascist century'. contains reports of fascism's tried temporal revolution; Nazism as prolonged case-study; and fascism's postwar evolution.
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Extra info for A Fascist Century: Essays by Roger Griffin
In establishing the difference between the genuinely metaphysical concept of reality underlying shamanism and the pseudo-supernatural dimension of ‘national destiny’, scholars could sharpen the distinction between the connotations of sacred time immanent in authentic religious traditions and experiences, and its grotesque travesty in ‘political religions’. In short, there is ample evidence to suggest that Nazism conspired to create a sense of festival time, of ‘party-time’. Tragically for humanity, the party generating it was the type associated not with the coloured costumes of the Brazilian Carnival, but with the brown shirted thuggery of the NSDAP.
Now that, at long last, some scholars are taking seriously the proposition that Fascism2 as well as Nazism3 attempted to create a new type of culture, it seems an appropriate moment to consider whether the conspicuously ritualised, theatrical component of both Fascism and generic fascism can be illuminated by the concept of ‘the revolutionary festival’. As we shall see, applying such a concept has a particular heuristic value when applied to fascist ideology and practice, despite the radical differences which clearly separate the largely spontaneous explosion of populist mythic energies unleashed by the French Revolution from those deliberately engineered in ordinary citizens by Fascist and Nazi elites.
16 Conventional historians have largely ignored the hard documentary evidence that Mussolini was part of this subculture long before he became a Fascist. ’18 The writings of some Syndicalists – theorising the desired Marxist revolution in terms of myth, voluntarism, and the nation rather than socio-economics, determinism, and the Communist International – had also helped convert him from an internationalist to a ‘I am no longer human. I am a Titan. 20 Futurists consciously conceived their revolution as a metamorphosis in the experience of space and time.