Download A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher by John F. Hoffecker PDF

By John F. Hoffecker

ISBN-10: 0813534682

ISBN-13: 9780813534688

For the 1st time lately, we've got a synthesis of the most recent considering and discoveries by way of a more youthful student with an authoritative snatch of the topic. This ebook is a crucial contribution to the final literature of human prehistory, specified for its accomplished insurance of the circumpolar regions.—Brian Fagan, writer of The lengthy summer season: How weather replaced Civilization

"A uniquely authoritative, hugely readable, and well-illustrated account of the way stone-age humans controlled to colonize the some distance North."—Richard G. Klein, Stanford University

Early people didn't easily go with the flow northward from their African origins as their talents to deal with cooler climates developed. The preliminary cost of areas like Europe and northern Asia, in addition to the later stream into the Arctic and the Americas, truly happened in really quick bursts of enlargement. A Prehistory of the North is the 1st full-length learn to inform the advanced tale, spanning virtually million years, of ways people inhabited many of the coldest locations on earth.

In an account wealthy with illustrations, John Hoffecker strains the historical past of anatomical variations, nutrition transformations, and technological advancements, equivalent to garments and take care of, which allowed people the ongoing skill to push the bounds in their habitation. The publication concludes through displaying how within the previous couple of thousand years, peoples residing within the circumpolar zone—with the exception of western and critical Siberia—developed a thriving maritime economy.

Written in nontechnical language, A Prehistory of the North offers compelling new insights and useful info for execs and scholars.

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Additional info for A Prehistory of the North: Human Settlement of the Higher Latitudes

Sample text

Impact fractures were also observed on a number of bones—presumably smashed open to extract the marrow. The locations of the cut marks indicate that the Boxgrove people had early access to complete carcasses. 32 But there is little or no evidence for the dismemberment and butchering of carcasses at some localities, where it appears that most of the large mammal remains may have accumulated by natural processes. 34 The overall pattern suggests that while people could sometimes obtain large amounts of meat in the form of an entire carcass, the percentage of animal foods in their diet might have been much lower than that of Neanderthals and modern humans in northern environments.

49 The possibility that the initial movement out of Africa might have taken place without major morphological or behavioral change is surprising, and this problem will require more investigation. 8 million years ago differed from H. habilis in terms of size and a number of anatomical features. 7. Nariokotome skeleton. In late August 1984, Kamoya Kimeu made one of the most important of his many hominid fossil discoveries in Kenya. On a small hill near Nariokotome on the western margin of Lake Turkana, he found the first bone fragment of what later turned out to be a Homo erectus skeleton.

As the distribution and density of trees declined, hominoid food sources probably became more widely dispersed, and some of the late Miocene apes could have been forced to spend more time on the ground. 25 Bipedalism is also related to the making and using of tools, but the causal relationship between the two is difficult to untangle. Bipedalism clearly freed the forelimbs for tool production and—perhaps even more important—for weapon use while walking or running. However, none of the tools found in Africa that date to more than a million years in age can be firmly associated with any of the australopithecines.

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