By Piers Paul Read
On twenty sixth April 1986 the nuclear reactor of the fourth unit of the V.I. Lenin power-station at Chernobyl exploded. It used to be a disaster of old proportions - many hundreds of thousands suffered, and persisted to undergo, from the implications. To chronicle this catastrophe and its aftermath, Piers Paul learn interviewed the engineers and operators who have been accomplishing the fateful try out at the evening of twenty fifth April; he talked to the director of the power-station, serving a ten-year sentence for negligence; and he went to the hitherto top-secret institutes as soon as run by means of Beria's Ministry for Medium laptop development - the Kurchatov Institute, Moscow's clinic No 6, and the once-closed urban of Obninsk. during this account, learn takes good thing about the declassification of nuclear info within the former Soviet Union and the loosening of tongues that the failure of the coup in 1991. He additionally received entry to the trial transcripts, the protocol of the hitherto mystery clinical fee, and different exclusive studies. the result's not just the tale of the disaster, but in addition a parable approximately totalitarianism and its cave in.
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Additional resources for Ablaze: Story of Chernobyl
Atoms regain their stability over a period of time: their radioactivity ‘decays’. This period is different for the various radioactive elements or isotopes and is measured by their ‘half-life’ – the time it takes for half a given sample to decay. In ten ‘half-lives’, virtually all the radionuclides will have decayed. The radionuclide iodine 131 has a half-life of around eight days. Strontium 90 and caesium 137 have half-lives of thirty years. Plutonium 239 has a half-life of 24,360 years. When ingested or inhaled, different radionuclides are retained in different parts of the body.
Strontium 90 and caesium 137 have half-lives of thirty years. Plutonium 239 has a half-life of 24,360 years. When ingested or inhaled, different radionuclides are retained in different parts of the body. Iodine accumulates in the thyroid gland, but if the gland is saturated with stable iodine at the time of irradiation or soon after, the radioactive iodine will pass through the body. Strontium replaces calcium in the bones. The original unit used to measure radiation exposure was a roentgen, after Wilhelm Roentgen, who discovered X-rays at the end of the nineteenth century.
To assist the reader, I have included lists of leading characters. I have not given patronymics except where they were used in conversation. The ‘gigantism’ that was such a feature of the former Soviet Union is nowhere more apparent than in the names of institutions that are either referred to by their initials – VNIIAES for the All-Union Research Institute for Nuclear Power Plant Operations, or NIKYET for Academician Dollezhal’s Scientific Research Institute for Technical Energy Construction – or by the compacted abbreviations adopted by the Bolsheviks: Minenergo for the Ministry of Energy and Electrification or Soyuzatomenergo for the All-Union Industrial Department for Nuclear Energy.