By Jacqueline A. MacDonald, J. R. Lockwood
Analyzes the advantages and downsides of recent applied sciences in landmine detection and gives recommendations for making improvements to and rushing up the method.
Read or Download Alternatives for Landmine Detection PDF
Best mining books
Designed for geologists and engineers engaged particularly within the look for gold deposits of all kinds and as a reference for teachers in better faculties of studying, guide of gold exploration and evaluate offers rules and particular causes that underpin the proper interpretation of daily adventure within the box.
''Most books on coal training specialize in thought or daily concerns and operations. Designing the Coal practise Plant of the long run presents a different, thought-provoking examine the from a unique perspective - that of the instruction plant dressmaker or engineer. '' ''How do we layout extra effective vegetation and what's going to vegetation seem like sooner or later?
- Swarm Intelligence for Multi-objective Problems in Data Mining
- Data mining and warehousing
- Reservoir Engineering Handbook
- Data Mining and Computational Intelligence
- Mineral Resources Science and Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
- Mitigation of metal mining influenced water
Additional info for Alternatives for Landmine Detection
This makes it virtually impossible to assess operating characteristics (for example, ROC curves) with any specificity, thus precluding defensible quantitative performance comparisons. Compounding the general lack of data to support quantitative evaluations is a lack of comparability of the data that are available. The performance of a landmine detection system depends on the types and depths of mines present, the environment in which the system is operated, and the human operator. For detectors that locate buried objects, such mine properties as size, shape, and metallic content substantially affect detector performance, as do the placements (depth and orientation) of the mines.
1995). A survey by Andersson et al. (1995) in Afghanistan, Bosnia, Cambodia, and Mozambique found that one in three victims of mine blasts die. Many of the victims are children. For example, in Afghanistan, the survey found that, on average, 17 in 1,000 children had been injured or killed by mines. 1). Loss of arms, loss of digits, blindness, and shrapnel wounds also occur. , 1998). Most victims are males of working age, and often they are unable to return to work. The Andersson et al. survey found that “households with a mine ______________ 1 Estimates of the total number of landmines, the number of victims, and the mine clearance rates are highly uncertain because only about 30 countries have conducted formal surveys (ICBL, 2001).
2001). NOTE: The bottom target is a metallic mine; the top two targets are low-metal mines. 1—Images of Landmines Produced by GPR System cal in the design of a GPR system are signal-processing algorithms, which filter out clutter signals and select objects to be declared as mines. GPR is a mature technology, but it has not yet been widely deployed for mine detection. GPR was first used in 1929 to measure the depth of an Austrian glacier (Olhoeft, 2002). The Army tested rudimentary GPR techniques for mine detection in the 1940s.