By Long Peng
Examining Sound styles is a transparent and concise advent to phonological phenomena, overlaying a variety of matters from segmental to suprasegmental difficulties and prosodic morphology. Assuming no previous wisdom of challenge fixing, this textbook indicates scholars tips on how to examine phonological issues of a spotlight on functional instruments, technique and step by step directions. it truly is geared toward undergraduate and starting graduate scholars and areas an educational concentrate on constructing scholars' analytical skills. It contains huge routines of assorted varieties which have interaction scholars in interpreting and comparing competing analyses, and consists of scholars in various analytical projects. This textbook: • is designed round similar phonological difficulties and demonstrates how they're analyzed step-by-step • provides and compares competing debts of exact difficulties, and discusses and evaluates the arguments that distinguish one research from one other • information how a extensive array of sound styles are pointed out and analyzed.
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Additional info for Analyzing Sound Patterns: An Introduction to Phonology
Distributional problems arise from restrictions imposed on the co-occurrence of sounds or on the co-occurrence of sounds with structural positions. This unit focuses on the distribution of sound segments. Distributional problems concerning suprasegmental phenomena such as syllable, tone, and stress will be discussed in Units 3–5. This unit includes four chapters. Chapter 1 is concerned with vowel co-occurrence in Kikuyu, which shows that Kikuyu vowels cannot freely combine in verb roots. This chapter introduces the concept of pattern and related concepts.
These patterns are exemplified mostly with data from segmental phonology. These two units introduce a wide range of segmental phenomena from Kikuyu vowel co-occurrence to the distribution of English nasals, and from segment deletion in Tibetan and Tonkawa to assimilatory processes in English and Yawelmani. Starting with Unit 3, the book shifts to suprasegmental phenomena such as syllable, tone, or stress. These units build on earlier themes of distribution and alternation and extend the investigation to processes that affect domains larger than segments.
Like other Bantu languages, the canonical root in Kikuyu consists of one vowel and two consonants in the form of CVC, as is the case with the root n ‘make a deep, sonorous sound’ in (1). In what follows, we refer to the canonical root as the monosyllabic roots as they comprise only one vowel. (1) The composition of a typical Kikuyu verb to-raa-mo-n-r-a‘we made a deep sonorous sound for him’wepasthimrootforFVPre-stemStem As is the case with other Bantu languages, the canonical roots, that is, CVC, are the most common in Kikuyu.